Types of Hearing Loss in Children
What are the different types of hearing loss?
Three types of hearing loss are sensorineural, conductive, and mixed (sensorineural and conductive). These types of hearing loss can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired.
Sensorineural. A loss of function within the inner ear or with the connection to the brain. Causes of this type of hearing loss include:
Conductive hearing loss. A problem in the outer or middle ear where sound waves are not sent to the inner ear correctly. Conductive hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss in children and is usually acquired. Factors that may cause this type of hearing loss are:
Mixed hearing loss is a combination of sensorinural and conductive hearing loss. It involves damage to the outer, middle, or inner ear, or the auditory nerve.