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Breast Cancer Risk Assessment
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women (other than skin cancer). The American Cancer Society reports the breast cancer death rate is declining, probably due to earlier detection and improved treatment. This short assessment will help you determine if you have major risk factors for breast cancer. It is not a complete assessment of all risks. For a complete evaluation of your risks, see your health care provider
Because of your age, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is very low.
Because of your age, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is low.
Because of your age alone, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is slightly higher than for a younger woman.
Because of your age, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is moderate. However, because you have risk factors other than age (listed below), your immediate risk is higher than others in your age group.
Because of your age alone, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is high.
Because of your age alone, your immediate risk for developing breast cancer is high. The additional risk factors you have reported (listed below) increase that risk further over a same-age person without risk factors.
Age is the greatest risk factor for developing breast cancer. Children rarely develop breast cancer. In fact, the incidence doesn't begin to rise until around age 17, but even then the incidence is low. Beginning about age 45, the risk begins to rise rapidly..
Age is the greatest risk factor for developing breast cancer. Children rarely develop breast cancer. In fact, the incidence doesn't begin to rise until around age 17, but even then the incidence is low. Between the ages of 45 and 65, your immediate risk of developing breast cancer increases, especially for women who have risk factors other than age. According to the American Cancer Society, about two out of three cases of invasive breast cancer are diagnosed in women ages 55 and older.
Age is the greatest risk factor for developing breast cancer. Children rarely develop breast cancer. In fact, the incidence doesn't begin to rise until around age 17, but even then the incidence is low. Beyond age 45, your immediate risk of developing breast cancer increases, especially if you have other risk factors. These risk factors, especially if they are significant, will put you at increasingly higher risk as you grow older.
Age is the greatest risk factor for developing breast cancer. At age 65 or older, your risk for breast cancer increases with each passing year. According to the American Cancer Society, about two out of three cases of invasive breast cancer occur after age 55, with the majority after age 65. Other risk factors, if they are present, become increasingly important in determining the risk of developing breast cancer in women older than 65.
Age is the greatest risk factor for developing breast cancer. At age 65 or older, your risk for breast cancer increases with each passing year. According to the American Cancer Society, about two out of three cases of invasive breast cancer occur after age 55, with the majority after age 65. Other risk factors become increasingly important in determining the risk of developing breast cancer in women older than 65.
Because you are younger than 17, you have almost no immediate risk of developing breast cancer even if you have other risk factors, listed below. Any risk factors you do have, especially if they are significant, will put you in increasingly higher risk categories as you grow older.
Because you are not yet 45 years old, your immediate risk of developing breast cancer is low even if you have other risk factors, listed below. Any risk factors you do have, especially if they are significant, will put you in increasingly higher risk categories as you grow older.
Your risk factors and their significance, according to this assessment, are listed below. Other risk factors are not covered here. Talk with your health care provider to review all of your risk factors, what can be done about them, and what they may mean in your case.
Risk factors of high significance
Family history of breast cancer
Family history of early onset breast cancer
Personal history of uterine cancer
Personal history of ovarian cancer
Risk factors of moderate significance
Obesity: A BMI of places you in the obese category, which increases your risk moderately.
Drinking alcoholic beverages: The risk for developing breast cancer increases with the amount of alcohol consumed, the American Cancer Society says. If you have no more than one drink a day, your risk rises by only a very small amount. Women who have two to five drinks a day have about 1-1/2 times the risk of women who don't drink.
First childbirth after age 30
Risk factors of mild significance
Ethnicity: Caucasians have an increased incidence of breast cancer when compared with African-Americans, Asians, or Hispanics. However, they have a decreased mortality when compared with the same group.
Ethnicity: African-Americans actually have a lower incidence of breast cancer than Caucasians but are diagnosed later, when the disease is more difficult to treat. As a result, they are more likely to die of the disease.
Ethnicity: Hispanics are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than Caucasian women. However, diagnosis is usually later, when the disease is more difficult to treat. As a result, they are more likely to die of the disease.
Overweight: A BMI of places you in the overweight category, which increases your risk slightly.
Smoking: The American Cancer Society does not consider smoking a significant risk for breast cancer but does recognize that there is conflicting evidence in the medical literature. Because smoking is clearly associated with numerous cancers, it is a good idea to do all you can to quit smoking.
First childbirth after age 30
Menarche (onset of menstruation) before age 12
Menopause after age 55
Your risk factors
You have indicated no risk factors for breast cancer.
You have indicated no risk factors for breast cancer other than age.
About risk factors and preventive screening
Some risk factors, such as age, family medical history, and no full-term pregnancies, cannot be changed. However, others—such as weight, smoking, and alcohol consumption—can be modified. If you have risk factors that are modifiable, you should consider making lifestyle changes to reduce those risks. You should avoid alcohol, quit smoking, lose weight if you need to, and exercise regularly. If you have children, breast-feeding them for several months can reduce your breast cancer risk. After menopause, you should avoid hormone therapy. In addition, a healthy diet and adequate exercise may reduce breast cancer risk.
A large portion of the women with breast cancer have no risk factors. Having risk factors does not mean that you will develop breast cancer. But having risk factors is a good reason to discuss them with your physician and schedule preventing screening.
Whether you have risk factors or not, it is important to follow the national breast cancer screening guidelines. Here are recommendations from the American Cancer Society (ACS) for screenings:
- The ACS recommends yearly screening for all women ages 40 and older. Women should talk with their doctors about their personal risk factors before making a decision about when to start getting mammograms or how often they should get them. (A mammogram is an X-ray of breast tissue. The X-ray is taken by compressing the breast firmly between a plastic plate and a cassette that contains special X-ray film.
- The ACS recommends clinical breast exams (CBEs) at least every three years for all women in their 20s and 30s. The ACS recommends annual CBEs for women ages 40 and older..
- The ACS says BSEs are an option for women 20 and older as a means of familiarizing themselves with their breasts so they can notice changes more easily. Talking with your doctor about the benefits and limitations can help you decide if you should start performing BSEs.
This information is not intended as a substitute for professional health care. Always consult with a health care provider for advice concerning your health. Only your health care provider can determine if you have breast cancer.
This assessment is not intended to replace the evaluation of a health care professional.
The Department of Radiology is proud to introduce its new state-of-the-art Digital Mammography System in the fight against breast cancer. Broward Health Imperial Point patients now have access to the latest full-field digital technology for screening and diagnostic mammograms. This new technology enables the Radiologist to detect and further characterize suspicious or obscure pathology more precisely from the enhanced visibility and high contrast images the new system provides.
When it's time for your annual mammogram, ask your physician to prescribe a digital mammogram at Broward Health Imperial Point. Digital mammography is your newest ally in the fight against breast cancer. Digital images appear in seconds on a computer screen, revealing an exciting new world of diagnostic possibilities.
- Better visibility at the skin line
- Greater image flexibility
- Shorter exam times
- Faster results
- Fewer call backs
- Less anxiety
According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation, Inc, breast cancer incidence in women has increased from one in 20 in 1960 to one in eight today. If detected early, the five-year survival rate for this disease exceeds 95%.
Similar to conventional film mammography, digital mammography utilizes the same breast positioning and compression. However, the new digital system allows for significantly less compression time during the mammogram, in addition to less waiting time between patients.
What are the benefits of digital mammography?
- Up to 40% less radiation dose over standard film mammography
- Results are seen more quickly
- Fewer callbacks or retakes
- More precise image quality for more accurate diagnosis
Give yourself the best technology when you schedule your annual mammogram!
Changing breast care forever
Request your digital mammogram for all the right reasons:
A digital mammography exam usually takes less than half the time of a traditional film-based exam, and there's less of a chance you'll be called back to retake your images.
Your physician will gain viewing options with the unique ability to enhance certain areas to get a more precise picture of your condition.
Your breast images can be zoomed in and out, and the contrast can be lightened or darkened. Also, through an inverting feature, black can reverse to white and white can change to black. This feature helps detect microcalcifications, which is like revealing a grain of salt in a ball of clay. All these image enhancements help aid in proper diagnosis.
Digital images give better visibility of the breast, particularly near the skin line, chest wall and in women with dense breast tissue. Also, digital images are helpful for women with implants and for imaging patients with known abnormalities.
Digital images can be viewed on workstations anywhere in the world allowing physicians to compare current images to past images.
Breast MRI Screening
For high risk patients, breast MRI can detect minuscule breast cancers. Breast MRI is a breast-imaging technique that captures multiple cross-sectional pictures of the breast and combines them to create detailed, 2-D and 3-D pictures. It is performed when doctors need more information than what a mammogram, ultrasound or clinical breast exam can provide. It works regardless of breast size, density, patient age, presence of implants and/or prior surgery.
Other benefits include:
- Detects 2-8% more cancers than physical exams or mammography
- Almost 100% sensitive for breast cancers down to 3 mm
- Allows for earlier diagnosis with more favorable tumor stage
Early detection is on your side
Every day we learn more about breast cancer and how to win the battle. One fact is very clear – the distinct advantage of early detection. Fortunately, breast cancer is highly detectable through digital mammography screening. If breast cancer is detected early, before it spreads, 98 percent of the women will be alive five years later. The earlier it’s discovered, the earlier it’s treated, the better your chance of survival.
Still have questions?
Find the answers to the most common questions about digital mammography here.
If you have a physician prescription for a mammogram, call Central Scheduling at 954-759-7500 for an appointment at Broward Health Imperial Point.
If you need a physician referral, please call the Broward Health Line at 954-759-7400.