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Acarbose Oral tablet
What is this medicine?
ACARBOSE (AY car bose) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.
This medicine may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
stomach or bowel disease, or obstruction
an unusual or allergic reaction to acarbose, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I use this medicine?
Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets at the start of a main meal. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional.
If you develop severe vomiting or severe diarrhea that prevents you from eating meals, call your doctor or health care professional for advice.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of this medicine contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.
NOTE: This medicine is only for you. Do not share this medicine with others.
What if I miss a dose?
If you forgot your dose at the start of your meal and you are still eating that meal, take your dose while you are still eating. Otherwise, skip the missed dose. This medicine is not effective if not taken during a meal. Wait for your next dose at your next main meal, and take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
What may interact with this medicine?
digestive enzymes like amylase and pancreatin
female hormones, like estrogens or progestins and birth control pills
medicines for colds or breathing difficulties like pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine
medicines for high blood pressure called beta-blockers and calcium channel-blockers
phenothiazines like chlorpromazine, mesoridazine, prochlorperazine, thioridazine
steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone
This list may not describe all possible interactions. Give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use. Also tell them if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine.
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress.
A test called the HbA1C (A1C) will be monitored. This is a simple blood test. It measures your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months. You will receive this test every 3 to 6 months.
Learn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.
Always carry a quick-source of sugar with you in case you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Examples include hard sugar candy or glucose tablets. Make sure others know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. They must get medical help at once.
Tell your doctor or health care professional if you have high blood sugar. You might need to change the dose of your medicine. If you are sick or exercising more than usual, you might need to change the dose of your medicine.
Do not skip meals. Ask your doctor or health care professional if you should avoid alcohol. Many nonprescription cough and cold products contain sugar or alcohol. These can affect blood sugar.
It is important to follow a diabetic diet when taking this medicine. This may help decrease some of the side effects like diarrhea, bloating, and gas. If you are following the diet and you still have severe diarrhea or gas, contact your health care professional.
Wear a medical ID bracelet or chain, and carry a card that describes your disease and details of your medicine and dosage times.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
loss of appetite
unusually weak or tired
yellowing of the eyes or skin
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
stomach gas, rumbling
stomach pain, upset
This list may not describe all possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Where should I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature below 25 degrees C (77 degrees F). protect from moisture. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
Knowledge is Power.
The Diabetes Education Program at Broward Health Medical Center can teach you how to live a healthier and more productive life!
Currently, nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. Seventy-nine million Americans have prediabetes – elevated blood sugar that increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Researchers predict that by the year 2050, the number of Americans with diabetes will increase to one in three. Diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
In order to determine whether or not you have pre-diabetes or diabetes, your physician conducts a Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) Test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Either test can be used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster and less expensive to perform.
With the FPG test, a fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl signals pre-diabetes. A person with a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dl or higher has diabetes.
In the OGTT, a person's blood glucose level is measured after a fast and two hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. If the two-hour blood glucose level is between 140 and 199 mg/dl, the person tested has pre-diabetes. If the two-hour blood glucose level is at 200 mg/dl or higher, the person tested has diabetes.
ABCs of Diabetes
Our personalized diabetes program targets the ABCs of diabetes
- A: is for A(1)C- a blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels during the last three months. Goal: less than 7%.
- B: is for blood pressure. Goal: 140/80
- C: is for cholesterol - elevated blood sugar levels increase cholesterol and makes it easier for cholesterol to stick to blood vessels and clog arteries. Goal: For most people, here are the total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides numbers to aim for:
- Total cholesterol: Less than 200mg/dl
- LDL cholesterol: Less than 100mg/dl
- HDL cholesterol: Higher than 40mg/dl for men and 50mg/dl for women is good, but an HDL of 50mg/dl or higher helps everyone lower their risk for heart disease.
- Triglycerides: Less than 150mg/dl
Our educational classes are for individuals with Type 1, Type 2 or gestational diabetes. We offer one-on-one sessions with a certified diabetes educator and/or dietician as well as group sessions involving our entire staff.
The Diabetes Education Program is located on the 8th floor of the Physician Office Building of Broward Health Medical Center. A physician, professional staff or self-referrals are welcome. Click here for our referral prescription form.
For more information on any of our programs, support groups and services, please call us at 954-355-5363.
If you do not have a physician and would like a physician referral, please call the Broward Health Line at 954-759-7400. Most insurance companies reimburse and encourage education for their clients with diabetes. Any questions regarding coverage should be referred to your insurance provider.