Sleep Disorders

Sleep Disorders

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Amobarbital injection

What does amobarbital injection do?

AMOBARBITAL (Amytal®) is a barbiturate that slows down activity of the brain and nervous system. Amobarbital has both sedative and hypnotic properties which means it will help you to relax and sleep. Amobarbital can help produce relaxation and drowsiness before surgery. Amobarbital also can help reduce or control seizures (convulsions). It is not for the long-term control or prevention of seizures. Federal law prohibits the transfer of amobarbital to any person other than the patient for whom it was prescribed. Do not share your medicine with anyone else. Generic amobarbital injections are available.

What should my health care professional know before I receive amobarbital?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • an alcohol or drug abuse problem

  • breathing difficulties or lung disease

  • attempted suicide

  • heart disease

  • liver disease

  • low blood pressure

  • mental depression or mental problems

  • porphyria

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to amobarbital, other barbiturates, medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Amobarbital is for injection into a muscle or into a vein. It is given by a health-care professional in a hospital or clinic setting.

Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

Elderly patients over age 65 years may have a stronger reaction to this medicine and need smaller doses.

What if I miss a dose?

This does not apply.

What drug(s) may interact with amobarbital?

  • alcohol

  • caffeine

  • chloramphenicol

  • chlorpromazine

  • cyclophosphamide

  • cyclosporine

  • digitoxin

  • doxorubicin

  • doxycycline

  • female hormones, including contraceptive or birth control pills

  • methoxyflurane

  • metronidazole

  • medicines for anxiety or sleeping problems

  • medicines for hay fever and other allergies

  • medicines for high blood pressure

  • medicines for mental depression

  • medicines for pain

  • medicines that help the heart to beat regularly

  • quinine

  • seizure (convulsion) or epilepsy medicine

  • steroid medicines such as prednisone or cortisone

  • theophylline

  • warfarin

Tell your prescriber or health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.

What should I watch for while taking amobarbital?

Your condition will be monitored closely if you are receiving amobarbital for an immediate need. If you do receive amobarbital regularly, visit your prescriber or health care professional for regular checks on your progress.

After receiving amobarbital you may get a residual hangover effect that leaves you drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how amobarbital affects you. To reduce dizzy or fainting spells, do not sit or stand up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. Alcohol can increase possible unpleasant effects. Avoid alcoholic drinks.

Amobarbital can stop birth control pills (oral contraceptives) working properly. Use another method of birth control while you are using amobarbital.

If you are going to have surgery, tell your prescriber or health care professional that you are receiving amobarbital.

What side effects may I notice from receiving amobarbital?

Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • bone tenderness

  • confusion, agitation, changes in mood, or mental ability

  • depression

  • eye problems, very small or enlarged centers to the eyes

  • lightheadedness, fainting spells

  • fever, sore throat

  • hallucinations

  • redness, blistering, peeling or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth

  • shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing

  • skin rash, itching, hives

  • slow heartbeat

  • swelling of the face or lips

  • unusual bleeding or bruising; pinpoint red spots on the skin

  • unusual tiredness or weakness

  • weight loss

  • yellowing of skin or eyes

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • clumsiness, unsteadiness, or a "hangover" effect

  • constipation

  • difficulty sleeping or nightmares

  • drowsiness, dizziness

  • headache

  • irritability, nervousness

  • nausea or vomiting

  • pain, redness or irritation at the injection site

Where can I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Use the injection solution within 30 minutes of preparation. Do not use the solution unless quite clear. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Do you snore or have a difficult time staying awake during the day?

At the Sleep Disorder Center at Broward Health Medical Center, we can help!

Finally, relief for your sleep problems can be found at the Sleep Disorders Center at Broward Health Medical Center. The Center is one of the most comprehensive facilities in Broward County and is fully accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. We provide physician evaluations, state-of-the-art diagnostic testing and treatment for all adult sleep-related disorders.

Sleep Disorders may range from a variety of problems such as:

Breathing problems: Sleep apnea, a condition in which breathing becomes shallow or stops while you sleep. It is usually associated with loud snoring and daytime sleepiness. If left untreated, sleep apnea may cause heart disease, obesity, stroke, and increased mortality.

Neurological problems: Narcolepsy, a condition that causes sudden uncontrollable sleepiness, vivid dreaming, "sleep attacks," a loss of muscle control and sometime hallucinations.

Insomnia: The inability to initiate and or maintain sleep. Often, this may be due to emotional or situational circumstances. If it lasts more than a few weeks, you may have a more serious problem.

These are some of the most common problems associated with 84 of the known sleeping disorders.

Symptoms of a sleep disorder may include:

  • daytime sleepiness
  • drowsiness while driving
  • difficulty concentrating
  • morning headache
  • snoring
  • hypertension
  • Diabetes

The Sleep Center at Broward Health Medical Center can help you diagnose and treat any sleep disorder issues. 

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Sleep Testing (Polysomnography)

Polysomnography is performed on patients that are suspected of having a sleeping disorder. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis and is non-invasive. Monitoring devices are attached to the patient's head and body. The application of these monitoring devices causes no discomfort to the patient.

Testing is done in a private, comfortable bedroom (each room is outfitted with a private bathroom and personal shower), with a sleep technologist monitoring sleep patterns in a separate control room. The technologist is available all night to make sure the patient is comfortable, safe and to provide the physician with an excellent recording.

The test is done at night from 8:00 p.m. – 7:00 a.m. At the conclusion of the test the patient is free to resume his or her normal daily routine.

NEW! In order to accommodate our patients, we now offer Home Sleep Studies. Now that insurance companies are requesting patients to be screened and tested at home, and we can now diagnose you at home, if obstructive sleep apnea is your only issue, we can now perform the treatment phase at home also.  Treatment of Sleep Apnea should not be a stressful process; we have listened to your needs and are ready to work hard to make it easier for both the physician and the patient.

Our center also now provides PAP Naps. If you presently use CPAP and have issues with your mask, or if you cannot tolerate CPAP, we can work with you, provide education and increase your compliance with CPAP and overall health. We see patients daily in our sleep center and can perform both day and night time studies.

Medical Expertise

The Sleep Disorders Center at Broward Health Medical Center is under the direction of Dr. Glenn Singer, MD Diplomate, American Board of Sleep Medicine. It is one of the few centers in the Broward County area that has three board-certified sleep physicians certified by the American Board of Sleep Medicine to personally conduct your evaluation, diagnosis and treatment. The technical staff are board-certified or eligible by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists.

Comprehensive care involves primary and specialist care, including:

  • neurologists
  • psychologists
  • psychiatrists
  • dentists
  • ear, nose and throat specialists
  • maxillo facial surgeons
  • and more

The Center is committed to providing the highest quality and the most comprehensive care.

Treatment and Follow Up

Once an accurate diagnosis is made, a treatment plan is designed. Depending on the sleep disorder, treatment could involve a number of approaches, including a medication or a change from an existing medication, medical equipment for use at home, psychological counseling or surgery. A comprehensive sleep report with recommendations will be sent to your primary care physician and/or specialist.

Scheduling an Appointment

If you are concerned about the quantity and quality of your sleep or your bed partner has made comments to you about your snoring or other related sleep problems, consult with your primary care physician or specialist. If appropriate, your physician will refer you to the Sleep Disorder Center.

For additional information on sleep disorders, please call 954-355-5532.

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